AUSTIN, Texas — A new study finds that people who eat a lot of plant-based foods are less likely to get type 2 diabetes, have a higher percentage of HDL cholesterol, and have lower triglycerides than people who don’t eat a diet rich in animal foods.
The study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association finds that vegetarians and vegans are about 13 percent more likely to have diabetes and 4.3 percent less likely than nonvegetarians and meat eaters to have a history of type 2 DM.
But the study also finds that eating more than 2,000 calories per day may lower your risk of developing diabetes by about 7 percent, and it found that eating fewer than 500 calories per week could lower your blood pressure by about 10 millimeters per year.
The authors also found that people with higher levels of HDL and lower triglyceride have lower risk of having type 2DM.
The researchers analyzed data from more than 12,000 people who participated in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, a prospective study of people who were followed from 1992 to 2000 and were followed for at least a year after they stopped participating in the study.
Participants were asked how often they consumed at least two servings of fruits and vegetables per week, meat, eggs, dairy, eggs and dairy products, and dairy-free dairy products.
Participant characteristics were based on questions on race, ethnicity, income, education, marital status, smoking, physical activity, and dietary habits.
The results were similar to those of previous studies that have found a link between vegetarians’ and veg eaters’ eating habits and their risk of type 1 DM, according to lead author Robert D. Levenson, Ph.
D., an associate professor of medicine at Texas A&M Health Science Center in College Station.
Levenson and his colleagues analyzed the participants’ diets and diabetes data from 2002 through 2004.
They used a complex mathematical model to compare the dietary habits of vegetarians with that of veg.
The group that ate the most vegetables, fruits and grains and the least meat were the least likely to develop type 2D, Levensen said.
The analysis of the diet of vegetals and vegs also showed that the groups that ate less than 1,000 plant-foods per day had a lower prevalence of type II diabetes than those that ate 1,500 to 3,000 per day.
People who were veg ate less meat and dairy than their meat and poultry-eaters counterparts, but their meat-eater counterparts were much more likely than their vegetarians to be diagnosed with type 2Ds.
The findings are consistent with the research that shows vegetarians have a lower risk for diabetes and type 2DS, but they do not prove that vegans or vegans alone cause type 2, Leavenson said.
This is important because the research has shown that vegeters and vegas eat less meat than their nonveg counterparts, which could lead to their eating less animal foods, the authors wrote.
A study in 2010 found that vegetarian diets may lower risk factors for type 2.
A recent study published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found that veg-eaten people are 2.4 times as likely as omnivores to have type 2 than omnivorous people, but there was no difference in the prevalence of diabetes.
In addition, Levelandns team found that there is no difference between vegans and omnivore vegetarians in their risk for type 1DM.
This could be because vegetarians are more likely in general to have healthy lifestyle habits that do not require the use of medication, and they have a better chance of surviving Type 1DM, Leveson said.
More research is needed to determine if the association between eating a lot and lower risk is due to differences in the plant- and animal-based diets, he added.
The team also found an association between a vegetarian diet and better insulin sensitivity, and those with higher HDL levels had lower risk, too.
The report is the first of its kind, the researchers said.